Living wall is surely a trend and a popular choice for most of the homes and organizations. But no living wall would be complete without some basic knowledge on which plants are suited for indoor vertical garden.
There are multiple systems used for creating the indoor vertical garden or living wall. These varied structures help in determining exactly what species of plant would work in addition to the other factors that are also important.
There is also a fact that one should consider, every plant has its own growth structure. No plants would have the same growth pattern. There are certain plants that grow in the upward direction, some drape and some climb. There are some which grown downwards, some which are bigger and so on.
So, it is important to be mindful of the plants you want to place in the Indoor Vertical Garden and its varied characteristics. Let us have a look at the top 10 plants which should be considered for indoor vertical garden:
The scientific name is Epipremnum species. Pothos is considered to be one of the best plants when it comes to indoor vertical garden. The reason it is considered to be ideal is, there is need for low sunlight and super easy in terms of care and maintenance. Pothos is basically a vining plant wherein you can create support structure for it to climb up or allow it to hang from the resting place. When pothos receives adequate amount of light then they grow fast and bigger as well. As they grow longer they may turn out to be wiry hence regularly you can trim them.
2. Lipstick plant
The scientific name is Aeschynanthus radicans. This plant is also one of the best plants when it comes to the hanging basket structure. Lipstick plant needs low amount of sunlight as well as dry conditions. It is a free flowering species which has shiny green coloured leaves along with a burgundy touch to it beneath. It has red coloured rich flowers blooming from its black calyces throughout the year. So you can have fresh flowers throughout the year thus making the vertical garden look beautiful.
3. Sword Fern
The scientific name is Nephrolepis exaltata. This sword fern is one of the easiest fern in terms of care and maintenance. It has also proved to be of good growth when kept in a vertical garden. This plant is commonly found in tropical regions as well as humid forests. Hence, they may need water on a constant basis else they can dry up. You can place these ferns much closer to the base so that they can soak up water much easily.
4. Cretan Brake Fern
The scientific name is Pteris cretica. The Cretan brake is considered to be one of the most unpredictable ferns. When all of the conditions are right then this fern would grow well and healthy. Cretan has no tolerance to dry soil hence there is a need for the base to be always moist or close to any water source. The fronds of this fern are pale green in colour which is opposed to the other ferns that have darker greenish colour. Pteris is a Greek word for feather. This is due to its delicate appearance. It is a bit slow growing plant having its own unique kind of appearance.
5. Rabbit’s foot fern
The scientific name is Davallia fejeensis. The roots of this plant are furry and they would establish themselves when it is provided with the appropriate soil. Unlike the other types of ferns, the rabbit’s foot ferns do not like to be moist every time. This plant prefers to stay in low sunlight or partial shade.
6. Wedding vine
The scientific name is Stephanotis floribunda. This plant is tolerant to wet as well as dry conditions. Due to this plant being used heavily in wedding functions hence the name wedding vine. It is a vining evergreen plant that has large white coloured tubular flowers which may tend to grow over 20 feet. You can place it on the top portion of the structure and allow it to trail upwards.
The scientific name is Dracaena sp. It is another popular plant that is found in most of the homes as part of the indoor vertical garden. Most of them grow in an upright position having leaves such as strap. The leaves of dracaena are multicolored having, creams, reds, whites and yellow. Dracaena can grow well in a range of temperature. But they prefer not being in very cold temperatures. The colour of the leaf would start to fade when you place this plant away from sunlight. They can very well tolerate low sunlight conditions. These plants prefer to stay dry hence you can place them higher above the base.
The scientific name is Philodendron sp. These are another popular plants for indoor vertical garden. Some of the philodendron tend to shoot out from their roots. Philodendron in Greek would translate to Tree lover. Philodendrons for years have been in the mainstay when it comes to interior gardening. They can stay indoors for years without much issue. When the leaves start to droop then it means that the plant is not getting enough of water.
9. Peace lily
The scientific name is Spathiphyllum wallisii. These plants are seen as a common occurrence in most of the household. They are pretty much easier to take care and maintain. Peace lily can tolerate low light as well as low humidity. Peace lilies are good bloomers hence it is a good option for those who want flowers as part of their indoor vertical garden. When the flowers of peace lily tend to age, they turn green in colour when still makes them look like as if they are blooming through the entire year.
The scientific name is Codiaeum variegatum pictum. The croton is basically a colorful shrub that has leathery leaves on it. They are mostly colorful when in bright light. In case if it is placed in a low light area then the new leaves would be smaller in size and less pigmented. It is important to allow the soil surface to stay dry in between watering.