Surgery is the most preferred form of treatment for many serious health problems. But the traditional methods of surgery are very painful and leave huge scars on the body of the patients; the recovery time also extends to several weeks or even months. Thanks to the ever-evolving medical field where constant research has resulted in many new and innovative medical procedures. The surgical processes have kept evolving in the past few decades, which has made surgeries better and safer than before. It has helped to increase the life quality of the patient going through the surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is one such innovative surgical procedure that has come as a blessing for many patients. This surgery is also known as minimally invasive surgery. It is generally advised for surgery around the abdomen or pelvic region, which requires long cuts in the range of 6-12 inches.
With the help of laparoscopic surgery, long cuts can be avoided and surgery can be done in a less painful and faster way. Some people call it keyhole surgery due to this reason.
As mentioned in the name, this method uses a laparoscope for performing the surgery. A laparoscope is a lean tool that is in slender shape. It has a light on the tip and a tiny camera for capturing video, which provides a perfect view of the inside structure. This tool allows the surgeon to perform the operation without any big cut to see inside the abdomen. The surgeon can visualize the video screen after inserting the laparoscope through the wall of the abdomen with a few small incisions. This method is used in lots of surgeries and has many advantages.
Here’s a list of the advantages of laparoscopic surgery.
A Shorter Stay at Hospital After Surgery
Earlier, it used to take more than a week of hospital stay after an operation. But now, it only takes maximum of one or two days of hospital stay. The patient will be able to go home very soon after the operation.
Fast Recovery After Operation
Earlier, surgeries without laparoscopic procedures used to take four to eight weeks of time for recovery. But now, with the help of the laparoscopic method, it takes only one to two weeks of recovery time. In this way, the patient can go back to his normal life sooner than expected.
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Lesser Blood Loss and Need for Blood Transfusion
In traditional surgeries, a patient will lose a lot of blood through the incision and will require a blood transfusion after the operation. On the other side, laparoscopic surgery needs only small cuts to perform the surgery and as a result, blood loss is greatly reduced. In this way, the need for blood transfusion for the patient is reduced.
Low Tissue & Skin Cutting
There will be a very less percentage of tissue cutting when compared to surgeries where laparoscopes were not used.
Many times, the pain from the surgery is intolerable for patients and that is what scares them the most if they have to go for a surgery. With laparoscopic surgeries, the pain is generally less during the process of healing.
Less Use of Pain-Relieving Medicines
As the skin and tissue cutting is less in laparoscopic surgery, the pain will be comparatively less. Thus, the need for medicines to reduce the pain will decrease. The patient will not need any long-term pain relief medication while the stitches are healing.
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Low Risk of Internal Organ Infection and Wound Complications
In traditional surgeries, operations with big cuts used to lead to infection of internal organs, particularly in obese people. But with minimally invasive surgery, the risk of infection to internal organs has been reduced significantly. When the exposure is decreased on the internal organs, the risk of infection also decreases and hence the risk of complications is also less. Patients have to experience less pain and can recover faster.
Common Laparoscopic Surgeries
Laparoscopic procedures are used in the following surgeries:
- Hernia Surgeries
- Gynaecologic surgeries
- Gallbladder Procedures
- Chronic Constipation
- Rectal Prolapsed
- Ulcerative Colitis
- Duodenal Perforation
- Crohn’s Disease
- Abdominal Surgeries
If your doctor suggests a surgery for any of the above problems, it’s most likely to be a laparoscopic surgery. But still, confirm it once with your surgeon and undergo the procedure without any kind of apprehensions. This is one of the best treatment options available for treating several serious illnesses.
Considering all the advantages, one cannot deny that laparoscopic surgery has been highly beneficial for patients. The patient can live a better life sooner with less time at the hospital, faster recovery, less severe wounds, lesser pain, lesser complications, and lower risks of infection.