A neurologist is a licensed medical practitioner who diagnoses and treats disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, and muscles.
After examining a patient’s mental and physical status, a neurologist conducts medical tests and scans to evaluate the results and start the line of treatment based on these findings.
An experienced neurologist has a thorough knowledge of anatomy, physiology, the central nervous system, and other body systems.
He is expected to have excellent problem solving and clinical decision-making skills with the ability to communicate effectively with patients.
A neurologist with good diagnostic skills is always in great demand as neurology is a highly specialized field and patients prefer to engage the services of a renowned neurologist who can effectively treat ailments related to neurology.
Responsibilities of a neurologist
A neurologist diagnosis complex neurological problems by referring to a patient’s history, and conducting neurological tests using advanced medical devices.
He counsels patients on neurological disorders and their harmful effects and prescribes treatment and medication to cure the problem at the earliest.
A good neurologist monitors the side effects of the treatment and medication, and orders supportive care service for the patients.
He is expected to perform specialized treatments and keep himself updated with the latest neurological developments, treatment, and medication.
Diseases treated by neurologist in India
Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease that affects memory and other important mental functions of the human brain.
The main symptoms of Alzheimer’s are amnesia and dementia resulting in memory loss and confusion.
While there is no effective cure for it right now, certain medication and management strategies may temporarily improve symptoms.
The cause for most Alzheimer’s cases is still mostly unknown except for 1% to 5% of cases where genetic differences have been identified.
As the disease advances, symptoms can include problems with language, disorientation, mood swings, and behavioral issues.
Parkinson’s is a disorder of the central nervous system that affects the movement of a person, often starting with a tremor in one hand.
Nerve cell damage in the brain causes dopamine levels to drop, leading to Parkinson’s. Other symptoms are slow movement, stiffness, and loss of balance.
The cause of Parkinson’s disease is unknown, but research has shown that specific genetic mutations can cause Parkinson’s. In rare cases, several family members can get affected by Parkinson’s.
Research has also suggested that stressful life events may increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease in humans.
Dementia is a syndrome that mainly affects older people causing deterioration in memory, thinking, behavior, and the ability to perform everyday activities.
Dementia is characterized by impairment of at least two brain functions, such as memory loss and judgment.
When brain cells get damaged, they do not communicate effectively with each other and it can affect the thinking, behavior, and feelings of the person affected.
Symptoms include forgetfulness, limited social skills, and thinking abilities.
Medication and therapies may help manage the symptoms of dementia.
Many people affected by dementia are concerned that they may inherit or pass it on to other family members.
In some types of dementia, there may be a strong genetic link, but these are quite rare in nature.
If you are looking for the best neurologist in India, you can do an extensive online search that will give several results about the experienced and qualified neurologists in your area.