Just like any other organ replacement surgery, joint replacement surgery in India is a tough and delicate procedure that has to be taken care of by an expert. In most cases, the replacement is done in the knees and hips, but some cases can take an ugly turn. Rheumatoid arthritis is one such rare autoimmune disease that causes acute inflammation in the joints.
To know more about joint replacement surgery for Rheumatoid Arthritis, we must first know to learn more about the disease itself.
What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
RA is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic pain in joints and tissues. This disease occurs when the body is mistakenly attacked by the body’s immune system. Although major problems occur on the tissue around joints and the joints themselves, in the worst-case scenario, the disease can spread out to other organs too and cause chronic inflammation in other body organs.
What Age Group Is at Higher Risk?
Most of the diagnoses are observed in women between ages 35 and 60. This doesn’t mean that only this age group is at risk.Early symptoms can be seen before this age and people of any age group could be affected due to RA. However, according to research, women are affected more than men.
Causes of RA
As of now, there is no particular cause to point out at, but there are different possibilities that may have been contributing to the disease. Factors like infectious bacteria or fungus may be the forerunner. It is believed that if someone in India has RA, then it is probably hereditary.
Early Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis may vary as it depends on whether the disease is active or not. When the disease is active, the tissues are inflamed and when they are not, the patient might not have to deal with any discomfort or pain. The usual signs of this disorder are loss of energy, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, headache, body ache, itches, and acute joint or muscle pain.
The most common symptoms observed in patients suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis are stiffness of tissues and joints that reduces mobility and causes severe pain. Periods of inactivity, especially morning and night times are the most common time when a patient might feel pain in and around joints.
There is no single remedy for Rheumatoid Arthritis and the approach towards every surgery might differ from patient to patient.
The first part of the diagnosis will be to consult a doctor, who can assess all the aspects of the patient’s health to link everything together. They will review the bones to be treated and the tissues that will be affected.
They take all the necessary tests. Blood tests and X-rays are the first few tests that the patient has to go through. Depending on the test results, the doctors decide the course of treatment.
Joint Replacement Surgery for RA
Joint replacement surgery in India is not very common and has to be done by specialists. If you are suffering from joint damage due to Rheumatoid Arthritis and all other treatments like medications and physical therapy have failed, joint replacement surgery may be your best bet.
A team of specialists, including a rheumatologist and orthopedic surgeon, can help you decide the best course of treatment. If surgery can ease the pain and increase mobility, it could be the right option.
Your knee and hip joints are the ones that are mostly replaced during a joint replacement surgery if you suffer from RA. The surgeon removes the damaged part and places an artificial joint in place of it. This is called a prosthesis and is usually made of ceramic, metal or plastic.
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Depending on factors like your health condition, weight, and activity level, this replaced joint can last over twenty years following which you may require another surgery.
The joint replacement surgical procedure for RA in India takes a few hours. The surgeon will inject a numbing medicine so that you don’t feel any kind of pain. After the surgery, you might have to stay at the hospital for a day or two.
Patients can start recovering on the first day itself. They can get back on their feet with a physical therapy plan. You need to follow this plan even after you are discharged and return home. It’s important to practice walking daily as this helps in preventing blood clots. With 3-6 weeks, you can get back normal activities.
Keep an eye out for any kind of unusual pain, swelling, or infection. If you happen to notice something, you need to check back with your doctor so as to avoid any possible complications.
Get the joint replacement surgery for RA done by the best surgeon and follow the right physical therapy plan to get back on your feet and return to your normal life soon.